Poor oral hygiene not only affects teeth but may also cause gum disease. Gum disease is quite common but also preventable.
Healthy gums are firm, pale pink, and fit tightly around the teeth. However, a little discoloration, swelling, bleeding, or any other change may be the result of gum disease. Gum diseases may also lead to other systemic diseases including heart, respiratory, strokes, diabetes, etc.
Gingivitis is gum inflammation, it occurs usually before periodontitis. Early signs of gingivitis are mild and commonly ignored but later this turns out to be bigger problems. In some cases, gingivitis may lead to periodontitis but not necessarily. In the early stages of gingivitis, bacteria build up in plaques and make gums inflamed. Inflammation causes bleeding and irritated gums. However, tissues and bones remain unaffected in this stage.
Periodontitis or periodontal disease is an infection in the gums, in severe cases, it damages the bone that supports teeth. Periodontitis starts with bacterial growth in your mouth. The inner layer of gums and bone pull away and form small spaces/pockets around teeth. These spaces or pockets collect food debris and become infected. If remain untreated infection spreads and reaches below the gum line. As the infection spreads, the spaces/pockets deepen, damaging gum tissues and bone areas. It may lead to tooth loss, loosening teeth, and other diseases.
Stages of periodontitis: The stages of periodontitis are as follows:
In the early stage, small spaces are developed between teeth and gums. Bacteria and food debris gather here. Usually, the body’s immune system tries to fight against this infection. In the early stage, you will likely experience bleeding gums during routine activities like brushing, flossing, and eating hard food.
If early periodontitis is left without proper treatment mild periodontitis stage developed. In this, you feel pain around the teeth and gums along with bleeding. The layer is pulled away resulting in loose bone support. Mild periodontitis may cause an inflammatory response in your body.
In advanced periodontitis, tissue is damaged that supports teeth in place. It also damages gums, bones, and other tissues that hold your teeth. If you have developed this stage, you might experience severe pain while eating, chewing, bad breath, and taste.
You might be able to diagnose problems in your gums if having the following symptoms.
- Swollen gums
- Unusual color of gums like red or purplish
- Bruised or tender gums
- Bleeding gums while brushing, & flossing
- Bad breath
- Bad taste
- Loose teeth or loss of teeth
- Pain & bleeding while eating and chewing
- New spaces between your teeth
- Spaces in gums that make your teeth look bigger
How to avoid gum disease
- Effective brushing and flossing twice a day
- Using soft bristles toothbrush
- Healthy food choices
- Vising your dentist regularly
- Maintaining good oral hygiene
- Diagnosing and treating the disease at an early stage
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- The rare earth magnet embedded in the front back of the head improves microcirculation and helps to sort out gingivitis, thus preventing the disease to an advanced stage.
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